## How to read mathematical expressions in English

When it comes to mathematics, many people find themselves stumbling over how to pronounce mathematical expressions. From fractions to square roots to algebraic equations, there are a lot of terms and symbols that can be challenging to say out loud. However, with a little bit of practice and guidance, you can become more confident in your ability to pronounce these expressions correctly. In this blog post, we'll discuss some tips and tricks for pronouncing mathematical expressions in English.

### Meanings of math symbols

The first step in pronouncing mathematical expressions in English is to understand the symbols used in mathematics. For example, the symbol "+" is pronounced "plus," the symbol "-" is pronounced "minus," and the symbol "×" is pronounced "times." Similarly, the symbol "÷" is pronounced "divided by" and the symbol "=" is pronounced "equals."

In addition to these basic symbols, there are many other symbols used in mathematics that have their own unique pronunciations. For example, the symbol "^" is pronounced "to the power of" or "raised to the power of," while the symbol "√" is pronounced "square root of." By understanding the pronunciations of these symbols, you'll be better equipped to pronounce more complex expressions that use them.

### Read mathematical expressions in parts

Once you understand the symbols used in mathematics, the next step is to break down the expression into smaller parts. Start by identifying any parentheses and working your way outwards. For example, if you see an expression like "(3 + 4) × 5," start by saying "three plus four" and then "times five" to get the final answer, which is 35.

If there are no parentheses in the expression, start by identifying any exponents. For example, if you see an expression like "2^3 × 4," start by saying "two to the power of three" or "two raised to the power of three," which is 8. Then, you can say "times four" to get the final answer, which is 32.

If there are no exponents in the expression, move on to multiplication and division. For example, if you see an expression like "8 ÷ 2 × 4," start by saying "eight divided by two," which is 4. Then, you can say "times four" to get the final answer, which is 16.

Finally, evaluate any addition or subtraction in the expression. For example, if you see an expression like "3 + 4 - 2," start by saying "three plus four," which is 7. Then, you can say "minus two" to get the final answer, which is 5.

### Practice often

Pronouncing mathematical expressions in English takes practice. The more you practice, the easier it will become. Start by working through simple expressions and gradually work your way up to more complex ones. There are plenty of resources available online that can help you practice pronouncing mathematical expressions, such as practice problems and videos.

In addition to practicing, it is also helpful to seek help when you need it. If you are struggling with a particular expression or concept, don't hesitate to ask your teacher, tutor, or classmates for help. Sometimes all it takes is a different perspective or explanation to help you understand a difficult concept.

### Math symbols are easier to pronounce

We have prepared a table with mathematical symbols, names and pronunciations. You can practice periodically by adding this table to your favourites.

Mathematical Symbol | Symbol Name | Pronunciation |
---|---|---|

+ | Plus | plus |

- | Minus | minus |

× | Multiplication | times |

÷ | Division | divided by |

= | Equals | equals |

≠ | Not Equal To | not equal to |

< | Less Than | less than |

> | Greater Than | greater than |

≤ | Less Than or Equal To | less than or equal to |

≥ | Greater Than or Equal To | greater than or equal to |

∞ | Infinity | infinity |

π | Pi | pie |

∑ | Summation | sum of |

∆ | Delta | delta |

∫ | Integral | integral of |

∂ | Partial Derivative | partial derivative of |

√ | Square Root | square root of |

^ | Exponent | to the power of or raised to the power of |

% | Percent | percent |

! | Factorial | factorial |

∈ | Element Of | is an element of |

∉ | Not an Element Of | is not an element of |

⊂ | Subset Of | is a subset of |

⊄ | Not a Subset Of | is not a subset of |

∩ | Intersection | intersection of |

∪ | Union | union of |

∅ | Empty Set | empty set |

∴ | Therefore | therefore |

∵ | Because | because |

⇒ | Implies | implies |

↔ | If and Only If | if and only if |

∑ | Sum | sum |

∏ | Product | product |

Absolute Value | ||

() | Parentheses | parentheses |

[] | Square Brackets | square brackets |

{} | Curly Braces | curly braces |

~ | Tilde | tilde |

@ | At | at |

# | Number | number |

$ | Dollar Sign | dollar sign |

& | And | and |

* | Asterisk | asterisk |

/ | Slash | slash |

\ | Backslash | backslash |

? | Question Mark | question mark |

! | Exclamation Mark | exclamation mark |

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